Needs Assessment

Shelters can be designed to meet your unique wants and needs. We can guide you in these choices.

Download a printer-friendly version of this assessment.

When evaluating your shelter design needs, you should carefully consider some of the following issues.
  • Entrances can be customized to enable the handicapped, injured or elderly to access the shelter. Entrances can also be customized to access homes or outbuildings.
  • Your proximity to targets and extremes in weather should dictate the depth of cover.
    • A cover of 8 to 10 feet will give excellent blast protection, as well as assure that your shelter will remain at a constant temperature. Most shelters at that depth remain between 45 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • The size of your shelter should be based on the number of occupants and the length of stay.
    • You will need a minimum of 11 square feet of floor space, or 88 cubic feet of air space per person.
    • Each person will require about 11 more square feet for food and supplies.
  • For maximum occupancy plan one bunk or hammock for each 3 people. Each person will then use the bunks for an 8-hour period. Do not forget to include social space. When you are not sleeping you will want a comfortable place to sit for eating and socializing.
  • You may need long duration living space. We can customize your shelter to include flush toilets and showers if you have an unlimited source of water. Septic tanks are very vulnerable to blast, so you may wish to use only chemical toilets if in a blast zone area.
The following questions may help you prioritize the design needs of your shelter.
  • How many people do you anticipate will be housed in your shelter?
  • Do you anticipate housing any handicapped or elderly?
  • What types of handicaps must be considered?
  • Will you be sheltering small children?
  • How cold/hot are the extremes of your weather?
  • How long do you think you will need to stay in your shelter?
  • How much room will you need for food, water & supplies?
  • Will you want us to build extra bunks or other furniture?
  • Do you have an outside source of water?
* A careful assessment of your needs will help you in choosing the appropriate shelter design. If you would like us to evaluate this questionnaire, please email it to us.
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